May 24, 2019 read, explore

Guide To Gun Types

When people debate about guns, they’re often uninformed and/or misinformed about some very basic aspects of guns and the terms relating to them. Some of the worst offenders when it comes to using incorrect gun terms are journalists and politicians. This article will hopefully serve as the definitive guide to using the correct gun terminology.

One thing to understand is that there are many, many different kinds of guns. Still, if you’re going to talk about such an important subject, it’s important to know at least a little about it. Below I’ve listed some of the common types of guns.

“Assault rifles”


Although not many “gun people” use this term, I’ll still include it. Technically, the rifle that have been used in the recent U.S. mass-shootings are not “assault rifles.” By definition, an assault rifle must have select-fire ability. A select-fire weapon is only available to military, police, and citizens who go through rigorous application processes and have a lot of money to spend. In other words the average American cannot buy an assault rifle.

Semi-automatic rifles


It may appear almost identical to the military’s m16, internally, the ar-15 is very different. The ar-15 is visually the same as the m16 (minus the selector switch) but functions in a different, more restricted way. Instead of choosing between fully automatic, burst, and semi-automatic, the operator is limited to semi-automatic only. This is what separates a true assault rifle from a sporting rifle like the ar-15.

Semi-automatic pistols

Beretta M9
Beretta M9

Semi-automatic pistols are used by law enforcement, military, and civilians. They work in the same way that semi-automatic rifles do. For each pull of the trigger, a round fires until the magazine is empty.


Colt Anaconda .44 Mag ---Photo © by Jeff Dean
Colt Anaconda .44 Mag —Photo © by Jeff Dean

Revolvers can be either handguns or rifles, though handgun revolvers are much more common. A revolver uses a–you guessed it–revolving mechanism. Most revolvers hold six rounds of ammunition. A revolver can be either double-action or single-action. With a double-action, you can keep pulling the trigger and a round with go off with each pull until you’ve fired each chamber. Contrastly, a single-action requires manual manipulation of the cylinder using the cocking hammer. Most double-action’s allow you to operate the cylinder using the hammer as well.


Vz 24 --- Photo © Szuyuan huang
Vz 24 — Photo © Szuyuan huang

Bolt-action rifles are a very old design. A bolt-action often has an internal magazine but can also have a detachable one. The operator of a bolt gun must manually actuate the bolt before each round can be fired. Some shotguns and even handguns can have bolt actions.


Win Model 1873 ---- Photo © Bob Adams
Win Model 1873 —- Photo © Bob Adams

You don’t see many of these anymore, besides in westerns. These are esentially the same idea as the bolt-action except instead of actuating a bolt, you use the lever. Again, lever-guns are not limited to rifles. They can–although very uncommon–come in the form of shotguns or pistols.

Black powder


Finally, black powder guns; also know as muzzleloaders. These are the oldest of all firearms. The firing process of a black powder gun is extremely inefficient. With a black powder gun, the rounds are not self-contained. They need to be assembled in the firearm by packing different components down the barrel. You’d be a proficient black powder shooter if you could reload in two minutes.

Related Posts

GDC Indie Spotlight

GDC 2016 had so much to cover, it’s stretched this long. We did, however, save the best for last here...

GDC: In Retrospect

Going into GDC 2016, we had a lot of expectations. The Game Developer’s Conference is obviously a work conference, aiming...

GDC Highlights: 30 Years In Games

Attending the “30 Years of Making Games” session, we immediately felt what we wanted to desperately feel: nostalgia. Sitting in...

GDC Highlights: The Truth About VR

Going to GDC, we knew VR would be a major talk point this year. The areas of coverage focusing on...

Polls And Their Help In Development

Recently, Mark Darrah, the executive producer on Dragon Age, took to Twitter to create a poll. He asked players if...

The Government’s Fight With Apple Is A Bigger Deal Than You Think

Apple is being ordered by the U.S. government to unlock one of the San Bernardino shooter’s iPhone. The company is...

Why Autonomous Vehicles Are Necessary

When the automobile originally came into production, there was a lot of pushback. “Who needs a car?” people questioned. “A...

Announcement: Oatboat To Attend GDC Next Month

That’s right, readers, Oatboat will be attending this year’s Game Developer’s Conference (GDC)! What Will Be Covered Yours truly will...

Captain Phasma Will Be In The Next Star Wars

Actress Gwendoline Christie, who’s known for as Brienne of Tarth in HBO’s Game of Thrones, has confirmed that she will be in the...

Big Data, Predictive Analytics And The Future Of User Privacy

Have you ever noticed that Amazon seems to know you better than your best friend does? Isn’t it amazing that...

Ever Wanted To Play Fallout 4 As A Stormtrooper? Now You Can

There’s now a mod that allows you to play Fallout 4 as an imperial stormtrooper. It’s worth noting that this...

Check Out The Developer Room In Fallout 4

PC gamers are at it again. This time, a developer test room was found in Fallout 4. By typing in...

Gold Or Plus?

It’s been a long battle, with Xbox One prices dropping in small increments over time since its release, PS4’s sales...

Star Wars Battlefront Let Me Down. Big Time

I was a rabid supporter of the Battlefront reboot. I thought it was an incredible idea, especially since I freaking...

Get Ready For Disney To Thoroughly Ruin Star Wars

Disney may be preparing to thoroughly ruin Star Wars. Get ready for some pretty major disappointment if you’re a Star...


Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *